Many a time we feel like aging robs us of the beauty we once had and wish to keep for the rest of our lives. Sometimes, it is birth defects, genetics, and traumatic events that rob us of this privilege.
Thanks to dermal fillers, we can still achieve the perfect face of our dreams and maintain a youthful appearance for a long time. This treatment helps smooth out wrinkles, enhance facial contours, and restore volume to areas that have lost their fullness.
What are Dermal Fillers?
Dermal fillers are injectable substances made from various materials such as poly-L-lactic acid, hyaluronic acid, and calcium hydroxylapatite that are used to enhance and/ or restore the volume of the skin.
These substances are injected into the skin in small quantities to treat fine lines and fill out wrinkles, and hollow areas on the face, resulting in a smoother, more youthful appearance.
The procedure is relatively quick and safe, and patients often return home on the same day after the injections. The process starts with a consultation where the doctor and the patient discuss the patient’s needs and goals.
He then assesses the patient’s target areas and marks the exact spot to inject the fillers. Injections are made using a fine needle and the results are often almost immediate. Depending on the type of fillers used and the individual’s physiology, the fillers can last up to a year before more injections are needed.
How do Dermal Fillers Work?
Dermal fillers are mainly used to add volume to the skin, which can smooth out wrinkles and lines. They can also be used to add contour to the face by enhancing certain features, such as the cheeks or lips.
A thin needle is used during the procedure to inject the fillers into the targeted parts. This process is fast and only takes about 15 minutes, or a couple of minutes depending on the areas being worked on.
Depending on the type of filler used, the location of the injection, and other individual factors such as the rate of metabolism, the effects of dermal fillers can last up to 18 months, after which the patient might need to revisit the dermal filler clinic.
The face is the most targeted part for dermal fillers with most people getting injections in their lips, cheeks, and under-eye area. It can also be used to smooth out lines and wrinkles around the mouth and nose.
While dermal fillers are generally considered a safe procedure it is important that patients only work with a qualified plastic surgeon such as Dr. Debraj Shome to minimize the side effects, or worse, serious complications if the unexpected happens.
When to go for Dermal Fillers
As mentioned above, dermal fillers are done to smooth out any signs of fine lines and wrinkles on the face to achieve a younger look. Some people get dermal fillers to enhance their facial features like the cheeks and lips.
This means all people really, whether older or younger, can get dermal fillers, depending on the goal. Here are some reasons that make an individual the perfect candidate for this procedure;
- To reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines
Wrinkles can be caused by many factors. The aging process is probably one of the main causes of wrinkles. As we grow old, our skin loses collagen and elastin, and becomes thinner and less elastic, which causes it to start sagging or drooping. Genetics can also be a cause of wrinkles, and so are factors such as stress, sun damage, and smoking.
Whatever the case, dermal fillers can be an effective solution for this issue. Different types of filers can be used to plump up areas of the face that have lost volume including the cheeks, lips, and under the eyes, which can help tighten the skin.
A professional dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon would tell their patients that dermal fillers are not a permanent solution. The effects of dermal fillers may be impressive and long-lasting, but they are not permanent. This means the patients might need to visit the dermal filler clinic repeatedly after every certain period of time to maintain the results.
- To enhance facial features
Some people may feel like their lips or cheeks could be better. Thanks to professional cosmetic surgeons and dermatologists, their dreams can come true.
Dermal fillers are not just for older people who want to smooth out their wrinkles and maintain their youthful appearance. They can also be used to enhance certain facial features, such as the lips, cheeks, or chin, to create a more aesthetically pleasing look.
For example, people who feel like their lips are too thin can use lip fillers to increase their fullness and create a more defined shape. Similarly, fillers can also be used to enhance the contour of the cheeks and define the jawline and chin.
These treatments help create a more harmonious balance between the different facial features and improve facial symmetry.
Before the procedure starts, the surgeon should perform a physical examination and ensure the fillers are in proportion to the rest of the face to achieve natural-looking results.
- To improve the appearance of scars
Dermal fillers can be used to reduce the appearance of some scars, such as those caused by acne, injury, or surgery. When these scars form and heal, they may leave depressions or unevenness in the skin, which can be visible and difficult to conceal even with makeup.
Dermal fillers can be used to fill these depressions. They can help to lift and smooth out the skin, making the scar less noticeable.
Note that this treatment can only be used to add volume on shallow scars, to create a more even surface. It may however not be suitable for all types of scars, especially deep scars caused by more traumatic events. In such cases, a more complex approach such as laser resurfacing or surgery may be needed.
- To correct asymmetry
Facial asymmetry, such as uneven lips or a lopsided nose can be a problem for most. With the skills of an experienced cosmetic surgeon, dermal fillers can be used to address this issue, to create a more balanced and proportionate appearance.
For instance, fillers can be used to add volume to one side of the lips to create symmetry, or to add volume to the cheek or chin to correct asymmetry in the lower part of the face.
They can also be injected in areas such as the bridge or tip of the nose to correct asymmetry and create the desired balanced.
The amount and placement of fillers depend on the specific needs of each individual and should be carefully planned and executed by a qualified and experienced doctor. Also, fillers may not be a great solution for all asymmetry cases. More complex treatments like surgery may be needed in some cases.
Types of Dermal Fillers
Depending on the specific needs, patients have multiple options, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits when it comes to dermal fillers. Some of these options are;
- Hyaluronic Acid Fillers
This is probably the most popular type of dermal filler. It is safe, effective, and gives the most natural-looking outcome. It is made from a natural substance that is found in the body, which makes it well-tolerated.
They are used for a range of reasons, one being to fill out wrinkles and lines. They can also be used to add volume to the cheeks and lips, as well as enhance some facial features like the chin and jawline for a more physically appealing look.
When injected into the skin, hyaluronic acid fillers attract and hold onto water molecules, adding volume, elasticity, and plumpness to the skin.
There are several different types of hyaluronic acid fillers available, each of which has different properties and is used for different purposes. Some are used to add volume to specific areas of the face such as the cheeks, while others are intended to address the wrinkles.
One of the many benefits of hyaluronic acid fillers is that they are reversible. If a patient is not happy with the results after a dermal filler treatment, the filler can be dissolved using an enzyme called hyaluronidase. This provides a level of flexibility and control for patients who want to achieve a specific goal.
Another benefit of Hyaluronic acid fillers is that they can be used with other cosmetic treatments. This can help achieve more comprehensive results. For example, if a patient wants to address both wrinkles and volume, they can combine a hyaluronic acid filler treatment with Botox injections.
While these types of fillers are generally safe, patients should understand that they also come with some risks and complications such as bruising, swelling, infections, and allergic reactions. These can easily be manageable with over-the-counter medication but if things get worse, get professional help immediately.
- Calcium Hydroxylapatite Fillers
Calcium hydroxylapatite fillers are made from a synthetic material that is similar to the mineral found in bones, which makes them easily tolerated.
They are used to fill out deeper wrinkles and lines, add volume to the cheeks, and enhance the chin and jawline to create a more balanced and proportionate facial appearance.
One of the benefits of CaHA fillers is that they can provide longer-lasting results compared to most of their alternatives. Depending on the patient’s metabolism and the area treated, the treatment can last up to 12 months. This makes them a good option for patients who want to achieve long-term results and avoid periodic trips to the dermal filler clinic throughout the year.
With all the benefits of CaHA, people should also be aware of the risks associated with the treatment. Many patients have experienced bruising, swelling, and infections after the surgery, which subsided with time. If the symptoms persist, it is important to immediately visit a professional for prescribed treatment.
- Poly-L-Lactic Acid Fillers
Poly-L-lactic acid fillers are another type of dermal filler that can be used to improve asymmetry and facial appearance. They are made from a synthetic material that stimulates collagen production in the skin, and are mostly used to fill out hollow areas and add volume to the cheeks.
They can also be used on other areas such as under the eyes, to help improve the appearance of deep lines and wrinkles.
Because PLLA fillers work by stimulating the body’s own natural collagen production, the results of the treatment often look very natural and can last up to 2 years. However, patients should be open to the fact that the results may take several weeks or months to fully show, as collagen takes time to build.
PLLA fillers are generally safe and well-tolerated, but like all other cosmetic treatments, they have their own risks. Patients may experience bruising, swelling, or allergic reactions. If these symptoms become severe, professional help should be sought.
- Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) Fillers
PMMA fillers are also used in cosmetic procedures to address different issues such as wrinkles, fine lines, and asymmetry. The synthetic material contains tiny beads that provide structure and support to the skin.
During the procedure, PMMA is suspended in a gel-like substance and injected into the skin. Its particles act as a scaffold, providing support to the skin and stimulating the production of collagen.
Over time, the gel is absorbed by the body and leaves behind the PMMA particles, which remain in place to provide long-lasting results.
Unlike many of its alternatives, PMMA fillers can last for a couple of years, hence why it is considered semi-permanent. It can also be reversed in case the patient is not satisfied or decides to opt for a different treatment.
Only a qualified plastic surgeon or dermatologist like Dr. Debraj Shome can perform this procedure successfully. It is the responsibility of the patients to find qualified facilities like The Esthetic Clinics where they can get their desired results.
What to Expect During and After Treatment
There are a couple of instructions that the surgeon will issue and some precautions that they will take before, during, and after the treatment in order to attain the desired results without the risk of any complications.
Before undergoing any dermal filler treatment, patients should schedule an appointment with their practitioner to discuss the process. They should be able to talk about the goals of the patients, their medical history, the dermal filler cost, and any other concerns about the treatment.
The practitioner will also examine the patient’s skin, assess their suitability for the procedure, and recommend the best course of treatment according to their individual needs.
There are certain medications, supplements, and activities that the patients might be asked to avoid. These factors can increase the risk of bruising, and bleeding, or even cause more serious complications.
The treatment will most likely be performed in a clinic or medical spa setting. It also only takes approximately 30 minutes to an hour to complete. During the procedure, a small amount of a gel-like substance will be injected into the targeted area using a fine needle or cannula.
While the doctor may apply a topical numbing cream to make it more comfortable. There might be a slightly stinging or burning sensation during the process. This is nothing to worry about as it is usually mild and short-lived.
The whole process takes only a few minutes, after which patients may experience some mild swelling, redness, and bruising in the treated area. These side effects are normal and will typically subside within a few days.
To help improve the symptoms, patients are advised to avoid strenuous exercise, alcohol, and exposure to the sun. They may also apply ice or a cold compression on the treated area or take over-the-counter pain medication to relieve any pain and discomfort.
Other factors that may worsen the symptoms and patients should avoid include rubbing or touching the treated. This will not only cause more pain and bruising but may also cause the filler to shift or migrate.
Results from dermal filler treatments are visible immediately. Depending on the type of fillers, patients can expect the effects to last anywhere from six months to two years. There will also be scheduled follow-up appointments and treatments to help maintain the results and ensure long-term benefits.
Dermal Fillers Cost in Mumbai
Dermal fillers cost in India varies depending on a lot of different factors. The facilities in bigger towns and cities like Mumbai may charge more compared to other smaller towns.
Other factors include the type of filler used, the amount of filler required, the number of injections administered, the experience of the practitioner, and the terms and policies of the hospital in regard to the procedure.
Patients looking to get dermal fillers can consult with a couple of practitioners to get a suitable rate. Keep in mind that there are other factors that are more important to look into than just the price
Some of these factors include the experience of the doctor, their credentials, and reviews. To some people, treatments like dermal fillers are considered sensitive, so it is important to find a practitioner they can be fully comfortable and open with.
Generally, dermal fillers are a safe and effective way for the perfect face. They can help enhance natural beauty and achieve a more youthful, refreshed appearance. Amidst all this goodness of the treatment, it is important that patients adhere to all the before, during, and after instructions of their doctors to ensure they achieve their desired outcome.
Also, remember working with a reputable dermal filler clinic and reputable plastic surgeons and practitioners highly contributes to the success of the treatment.